The fundamental difference between Eastern philosophy and Western thought is found in the definition of truth. Madhyamaka philosophy argues that through a Western definition of truth thinking becomes trapped in the extremes of absolutism or nihilism. The Madhyamaka philosopher Nagarjuna suggests that, through the application of right mindfulness, we can discard the binds of extremism in favor of the middle path. Finding the middle way requires the realization that all things are impermanent. As this realization is made, the middle way provides a path of action to break the habitual attachment to things that occur through an improper definition of truth. This path of action is represented in Nagarjuna's statement that all things are sunya (often misinterpreted as void, actually closer to asvabhava, not existing by means of its intrinsic value). Philosophically, the middle path is further developed through Nishida's "development of reality" and Nishitani's discussion of "the personal and impersonal". These two Kyoto school philosophers offer the criminologist not only an identification of the middle path, but a clear outline of the route of action to be taken for adherence to the middle path.
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